Bermuda Grass Fertilizer - Synthetic, Chemical, Inorganic
Chemical fertilizers are popular among homeowners, landscapers, and farmers alike because they are easy to obtain and produce quick, often dramatic, results. Chemical fertilizers are synthetically made from a process that usually involves the extraction from nature of raw minerals like potassium and phosphorous. While the chemicals are natural, they are manufactured into form that is not natural, usually concentrated, and sometimes harmful to the environment if not properly applied.
When to apply chemical fertilizers to your bermuda grass
The first application of fertilizer should occur when your bermuda grass begins to green in the spring. This can mean from late February to late April for most climate zones where bermuda grass grows in the Northern hemisphere. This application to your bermudagrass should be of a slow-release or time-release fertilizer so that the full impact of the various nutrients don't hit your wakening lawn all at once.
When to apply your next round of inorganic fertilizer depends on several factors:
- How much rain has your bermuda grass received since the first application?
- How much rain does your bermuda lawn typically receive during the growing season?
- How much are you willing to water and mow your bermuda grass?
If your bermuda grass is receiving roughly one-half to one inch of water per week, whether by rainfall or sprinkler system, we suggest that you apply another application of time-release fertilizer like Scott's after six weeks.
Thereafter, alternate an application of quick-release, high-nitrogen fertilizer and slow-release fertilizer every five to six weeks during the growing season depending on the water your lawns gets and how often you are willing to mow.
Round out your season with an application of "winterizer" fertilizer which tends to be higher in potassium and phosphorus. Apply this as your last bermuda grass fertilizer application of the season in late September to early November depending on when you normally get your first frost.
How to apply fertilizers to your bermuda grass
1) Use a walk-behind or pull-behind broadcast spreader. Tossing fertilizer with your hands, using a mechanical hand spreader, or working with a drop spreader is less likely to cover your bermuda grass lawn thoroughly and evenly.
If using a liquid fertilizer that is applied by garden hose, start farthest from the hose connection and work back towards the faucet so as to avoid dragging the hose or walking over an area that has already been sprayed.
2) Apply the solid or liquid fertilizer evenly, slightly overlapping the previous row or line as you move across the lawn. Be sure to follow the manufacturer directions regarding quantity, environmental laws, and spreader settings.
3) Rinse or sweep solid fertilizers from your driveway, sidewalk, and porch as some kinds can stain or damage concrete, brick or wood.
4) Be sure your fertilizer receives the recommended amount of water after application to maximize the benefit to your bermuda grass and reduce, in some instances, any chance of burning.
Note: Some time release or slow release fertilizers can be applied to your grass during a drought and left without watering in. These fertilizers claim not to burn your grass and when rainfall or watering does occur, your bermuda grass lawn will respond quickly! Check the manufacturers label before trying this at home.